Frederick Ferdinand Schafer Painting Catalog

5.2 Other artists named Schafer: Henri Schäfer


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Henri Schäfer (French, 1833–1916)1

[painting image]

Freiburg Market Stalls
by Henri Schäfer

Watercolor, 18 x 13.5 inches
eBay auction #1493401256
Owner's photograph

Henri Schäfer was a Victorian-era artist who painted town and city scenes and cathedral interiors in Belgium, Germany, and France. Since this subject matter differs so dramatically from that of Frederick F. Schafer there is little chance of confusing their paintings. (However, because of the similarity in their names, the overlap in their times of active work, and this artist's sometime residence in Britain (Islington), the townscape paintings of Henri Schäfer are often misattributed to the British artist Henry Thomas Schafer, and their biographical details are occasionally merged, most notably in Benezit, Emmanuel, Dictionnaire Critique et Documentaire des Peintres,…. The catalogs of auction houses regularly confuse the two artists. Distinct biographical sketches may be found in Wood, Christopher, Victorian Painters.) Further adding to the confusion, some auction houses attribute paintings that by style and signature appear to be by Henri Schäfer to German artist Heinrich Hermann Schäfer (1815–1884?). That artist of portrait and genre paintings has been variously reported to sign "Herm. Schaefer" and with the letters "HHS" conjoined in a monogram.2

For reference, at the left is an example of a painting by Henri Schäfer. Below are details showing inscriptions from this and another painting, with typical examples of his signature.

[signature inscription] [signature inscription]

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Notes

1. The dates for Henri Schäfer are from the the record by Anne L. Cowe of Cheltenham Art Gallery accession 1922:295:2 in the (British) National Inventory of Continental European Paintings. A copy of that record is posted at vads.ac.uk/large.php?uid=88417 (retrieved 26 January 2017).

2. The dates for Heinrich Hermann Schäfer are from the Blouin biography at www.blouinartinfo.com/artists/heinrich-hermann-schafer-162945 . (retrieved 26 January 2017). Other sources, such as the record in 1, above, report only a birth year of 1815.

The report of a monogram signature for Heinrich Hermann Schäfer is from a 29 May 2015 Skinner (Boston) auction of two village square scenes said to be by Heinrich Hermann Schäfer, advertised at www.skinnerinc.com/auctions/2906T/lots/1207 and at www.invaluable.com/auction-lot/heinrich-hermann-schafer-german,-1815-1884-,-two-214-c-a5f4c639e1 (both retrieved 26 January 2017).

The report of the signature "Herm. Schaefer" appeared in an advertisement by the Hamburg, Germany, auction aggregator Lot-Tissimo that offered the goache painting "Die Musikanten" said to be by Heinrich Hermann Schäfer. (retrieved 17 August 2014 but no longer on-line.)



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Feb 17, 2017, 19:17 MST