Frederick Ferdinand Schafer Painting Catalog

Paintings known only by title


About paintings known only by title

Paintings in this list were mentioned in one or more sources such as a nineteenth-century sale catalog or newspaper that offered little or no information beyond the title. Schafer often gave several paintings the same title, so when different sources mention the same title, or a mentioned title is the same as that of a fully-catalogued painting, there may be no way to determine whether they are referring to the same painting. As will be seen, entries in this list consist of just the title plus a list of places that mentioned that title.

For works that are fully catalogued, see the Other lists and indexes.


Paintings known only by title


Alameda Point, from the Marsh
• Mechanics' Institute Nineteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1884, page 52.
• "Handsome Paintings at the Fair." in the 3 September 1884 San Francisco Evening Bulletin (omits "from the marsh").

Alps of California, the
• Mechanics' Institute Nineteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1884, page 51.

Approaching storm
• Mechanics' Institute Fourteenth Industrial Exhibition, San Francisco, 1879, p. 45.

Artist's retreat, the
• Mechanics' Institute Eighteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1883, page 46.

August Evening in New Jersey
• Lot 26 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Autumn Evening in Strawberry Valley
• Lot 17 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Autumn evening
• Mechanics' Institute Nineteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1884, page 52.
• Lot 65 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Autumn in the Adirondocks
• Lot 40 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Autumn in the Catskill Mountains
• Lot 59 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Autumn scene in the White Mountains
• Mechanics' Institute Fifteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1880, page 49.
• State Agricultural Society, 27th Annual Fair, September 1880.

Bear Lake in the Wahsatch Mountains, Utah
• "A Beautiful Picture." notice in the Vancouver Daily World, Thursday, 3 September 1891.

Big Trees in the Santa Cruz Mountains, California
• Lot 74 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Blue Canyon, Sierra Nevada Mountains
• Lot 8 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.
• Lot 46 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Brick Creek
• "Auction Sale of Paintings." in the 10 August 1882 San Francisco Evening Bulletin: painting sold for $31.

Bridal Veil Falls[sic]
• "Sale of Oil Paintings."; in the 20 July 1882 San Francisco Evening Bulletin, sold to Willand.
• "Auction Sale of Paintings." in the 10 August 1882 San Francisco Evening Bulletin: painting sold for $20.
• Lot 38 on page 3 of the catalog for a 22 September 1882 auction sale in San Francisco by George F. Lamson. Titled "Bridal Vail (Falls of Yosemite)".
• Lot 5 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia. Titled "Bridal Vail, Yosemite".
• Lot 35 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy. Adds "Yosemite, California" to the title.

California Alps
• "Sale of Oil Paintings." in the 20 July 1882 San Francisco Evening Bulletin; sold for $47.50 to W. T. Garatt.

Cape Horn (Upper Sacramento)
• Mechanics' Institute Nineteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1884, page 52.
• "An Extensive Picture Sale." in the 16 September 1884 San Francisco Evening Bulletin (lot #30). Titled "Cape Horn on Upper Sacramento").
• "Choice Paintings to be Sold." in the 17 and 18 September 1884 (San Francisco) Daily Alta California. Titled "Cape Horn, Upper Sacramento".
• William K. Dick notes, page 82, of the Easton and Eldridge, Auctioneers sale, San Francisco, 18 September 1884, indicates that the painting sold for $100. Titled "Cape Horn on the Upper Sacramento River".
Note: Although all four of these mentions are of the same painting, each renders the title slightly differently. It is not apparent which one might be correct.

Carmel Bay
• Mechanics' Institute Nineteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1884, page 52.
• "Lovers of Art." in the 12 September 1884 San Francisco Evening Bulletin (lot #30).
• Lot 10 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia. Adds ", Monterey" to the title.

Cascade in the Catskills
• "An Art Exhibition." in the 24 June 1881 Sacramento Daily Record-Union.

Castle Gate, Colorado
• Press release in the 15 December 1886 Los Angeles Herald.

Castle Rock on the Columbia River
• Lot 3 on page 1 of the catalog for a 22 September 1882 auction sale in San Francisco by George F. Lamson. Parentheses enclose "on the Columbia River".
• Mechanics' Institute Nineteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1884, page 51.
• "Lovers of Art." in the 12 September 1884 San Francisco Evening Bulletin.
• Lot 14 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy. (Adds comma after "Rock".)

Castle Rock
• "Lovers of Art." in the 12 September 1884 San Francisco Evening Bulletin.
• North Pacific Industrial Exposition, Portland, Oregon, October 1890.
• "Palette and Brush." in the (Portland, Oregon) Morning Oregonian, Thursday, 16 October 1890.
• "Messrs. Stewart Williams & Co / Duly instructed…" in the 14 October 1909 (Victoria, British Columbia) The Daily Colonist.

Cathedral Rocks, Yosemite Valley
• Lot 39 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Catskill Creek, in the Catskill Mountains, New York
• Lot 1 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Catskill mountain scenery
• Mechanics' Institute Fourteenth Industrial Exhibition, San Francisco, 1879, p. 43, 44, 47 (three paintings with this title).

Clear Lake (sketch)
• Advertisement of Bovee, Toy & Co., in the San Francisco Chronicle, 17 November 1886.

Coast Scene Near Acapulco, Pacific Coast
• Lot 6 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Coast Scene near Monterey
• "Auction Sale of Paintings." in the 10 August 1882 San Francisco Evening Bulletin: painting sold for $26.
• Mechanics' Institute Nineteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1884, page 51.

Early Morning on Mt. Tamalpais, California
• Lot 58 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

El Capitan, Yosemite Valley
• Lot 12 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Emerald Pool in the White Mountains
• "An Art Exhibition." in the 24 June 1881 Sacramento Daily Record-Union.

European festival scene, a
• "An Art Exhibition." in the 24 June 1881 Sacramento Daily Record-Union.

Evening in California Alps
• "Auction Sale of Paintings." in the 10 August 1882 San Francisco Evening Bulletin: painting sold for $42.50.

Evening in the Adraondocks[sic]
• Lot 29 on page 3 of the catalog for a 22 September 1882 auction sale in San Francisco by George F. Lamson.

Evening in the Santa Cruz Mountains
• Mechanics' Institute Nineteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1884, page 52.
• "Handsome Paintings at the Fair." in the 3 September 1884 San Francisco Evening Bulletin.

Evening in the Three Sisters
• "Auction Sale of Paintings." in the 10 August 1882 San Francisco Evening Bulletin: painting sold for $55.

Evening in the Tropics
• Post-sale report in the San Francisco Evening Bulletin of 10 August 1882: painting sold for $16.50.
• Lots 8 and 56 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Evening near Astoria, New York
• Lot 75 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Evening near High Street, Alameda
• "Lovers of Art." in the 12 September 1884 San Francisco Evening Bulletin (lot #59).
• Easton and Eldridge, Auctioneers sale, San Francisco, 18 September 1884.

Evening near Los Angeles, California
• Lot 71 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Evening on Clear Lake, California
• Lot 57 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Evening on Donner Lake
• "Sale of Oil Paintings." in the 20 July 1882 San Francisco Evening Bulletin, sold for $45 to J. B. Stetson.
• Advertisement in the 7 August 1882 San Francisco Chronicle.
• Lot 46 on page 4 of the catalog for a 22 September 1882 auction sale in San Francisco by George F. Lamson.

Evening on Fallen Leaf Lake, California
• Lot 32 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Evening on Lake Tahoe
• "Fine Paintings at Auction." in the 7 June 1881 Grass Valley (California) Daily Union.

Evening on Lasson[sic] Peak, Sierra Nevada Mountains
• Lot 28 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Evening on Mt. Hood, from Hood River, Oregon
• Lot 23 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Evening on Mt. Hood, Or. (screen)
• Advertisement of Bovee, Toy & Co., in the San Francisco Chronicle, 17 November 1886.

Evening on Mt. Ranier (sic)
• "Auction Sale of Paintings." in the 10 August 1882 San Francisco Evening Bulletin: painting sold for $70.

Evening on Mt. Shasta, California
• Lot 40 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Evening on Mt. Shasta
• "Auction Sale of Paintings." in the 10 August 1882 San Francisco Evening Bulletin: painting sold for $47.50.
• Lot 66 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Evening on Mt. Tamalpais, near San Rafael, California
• Lot 19 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Evening on Mt. Tamalpais
• Lot 44 on page 4 of the catalog for a 22 September 1882 auction sale in San Francisco by George F. Lamson. A lightly penciled note "50" in the auction catalog suggests that the painting sold for $50.
• Mechanics' Institute Nineteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1884, page 51. Titled "Evening, Mount Tamalpais".
• Advertisement of Bovee, Toy & Co., in the San Francisco Chronicle, 17 November 1886.

Evening on Oklawaha River, Florida
• Lots 33 and 43 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia. Lot 43 varies the title slightly: "Evening on the Oklawaha River"

Evening on Puget Sound, near Seattle
• Lot 59 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Evening on San Lorenzo Creek
• Mechanics' Institute Nineteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1884, page 51.
• "Handsome Paintings at the Fair." in the 3 September 1884 San Francisco Evening Bulletin, republished in the Alameda Encinal of 10 September 1884.
• William K. Dick notes, p. 82, about the 18 September 1884 Easton and Eldridge, Auctioneers sale indicates that the painting sold for $67.
• Lot 47 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Evening on Slate Creek
• "Lovers of Art." in the 12 September 1884 San Francisco Evening Bulletin.

Evening on State Street
• Lot 783 on page 47 of the catalog for the 24 November 1911 sale in New York City of the Dr. Leslie Ward collection, sale 3576 by Fifth Avenue Art Galleries. The catalog reports the size as 36 x 20 inches.

Evening on Strawberry Creek, California
• Lot 54 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Evening on the Road to Mt. Shasta, California
• Lot 5 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Evening on the Three Sisters
• Lot 13 on page 1 of the catalog for a 22 September 1882 auction sale in San Francisco by George F. Lamson. A penciled note ("45 E.J.M.") in the auction catalog indicates that the painting sold for $45 to unidentified bidder E.J.M.

Evening on the Upper Sacramento
• Mechanics' Institute Nineteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1884, page 52.

Evening sunset, Monterey Bay
• Lot 42 on page 3 of the catalog for a 22 September 1882 auction sale in San Francisco by George F. Lamson.

Evening View from top Fort street
• Lot 35 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Evening View in Ross Valley, near San Rafael, California
• Lot 4 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Fishing on San Lorenzo Creek, California
• Lot 30 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Foggy Morning on Carmel Bay, near Monterey, California
• Lot 16 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Full View of Yosemite Valley
• Lots 9 and 28 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.
• Lot 13 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Golden Gate, The
• "Messrs. Stewart Williams & Co / Duly instructed…" in the 14 October 1909 (Victoria, British Columbia) The Daily Colonist.

Golden Sunset in Santa Cruz Mountains, California
• Lot 52 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Gorge near Victoria, The
• Lot 19 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Grass Valley (sketch)
• Advertisement by Bovee, Toy & Co. in the San Francisco Chronicle, 17 November 1886.

Hunter's camp
• Mechanics' Institute Fifteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1880, #31, page 47;
• San Francisco Art Association Spring Exhibition, May 1880;
• Exhibition report in the 4 April 1880 San Francisco Chronicle.

In Santa Cruz Mountains
• Mechanics' Institute Nineteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1884, page 51.
• "Choice Paintings to be Sold." in the (San Francisco) Daily Alta California of 17 and 18 September 1884.

In the Adirondacks
• Lot 1 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

In the coast range
• Mechanics' Institute Eighteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1883, page 46.

In the Redwoods, Santa Clara Mountains
• Lot 34 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

In the Rocky Mountains
• Mechanics' Institute Nineteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1884, page 52.

Indian Encampment in the Lava Beds
• Lot 17 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Indian Encampment on Puget Sound, B. C.
• Lot 21 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Indian Encampment on the Arm, Victoria
• Lot 11 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Indian Encampment, Victoria
• Lot 18 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Indian Rock, Rocky Mountains
• Lot 4 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Landscape
• Mechanics' Institute Fifteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1880, #128, page 52.
• State Agricultural Society, 27th Annual Fair, September 1880.

Lassen Butte
• "Messrs. Stewart Williams & Co / Duly instructed…" in the 14 October 1909 (Victoria, British Columbia) The Daily Colonist.

Lassen Peak
• Mechanics' Institute Nineteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1884, page 52.

Lookout Rock, Yosemite
• Lot 43 on page 4 of the catalog for a 22 September 1882 auction sale in San Francisco by George F. Lamson.
• Lot 6 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Marysville Butte, evening
• Mechanics' Institute Nineteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1884, page 52.

Mazatlan
• Mechanics' Institute Fifteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1880, #127, page 52.
• State Agricultural Society, 27th Annual Fair, September 1880.
• San Francisco Art Association Spring Exhibition, #59, May 1880.
• The Art Gallery. in 4 September 1880 (San Francisco) The Illustrated Wasp ("Maaztlan").
• California Landscape Painting, 1860–1885.
Note: Since the painting has not been located it is not known which spelling is correctly associated with it. It is also not known whether this is a painting of the port city of Mazatlan, on the west coast of Mexico, or of the German four-masted ship Mazatlan, a popular subject for artists in the late nineteenth century. (The use of the word "landscape" in the (San Francisco) The Illustrated Wasp report suggests that it is not a marine painting, but that word also suggests that it is not a city view.)

The existence of this title has caused speculation and, more recently, a possibly correct legend concerning Schafer's travels. See Legends and myths about Schafer for details.


Moonlight in the Santa Cruz Mountains
• "Fine Paintings Given Away." in the 28 May 1891 Santa Cruz Sentinel.

Moonlight on Pacific Coast (screen)
• Advertisement by Bovee, Toy & Co. in the San Francisco Chronicle, 17 November 1886.

Moonlight on Point Bonita Lighthouse, California
• Lot 3 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Moonlight on Puget Sound
• Lot 63 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Moonlight on Silver Lake, California
• Lot 27 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Moonlight on Slate-Creek, California
• Lot 51 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Moonlight on the Sound, Victoria
• Lot 39 in the catalog of a July 1885 sale in Victoria, British Columbia, by W. R. Moore, auctioneer.
• Lot 49 on page 9 of the catalog for a sale on 22 June 1909 in Victoria by H. W. Davies, M.A.A., & Sons, Auctioneers. Title omits "Victoria".
Note: The entire contents of Craigdarroch Castle in Victoria were sold at auction in 1909. The auction catalog lists eight paintings by Schafer; the painting titled "Moonlight on the Sound" was among the contents of the smoking room. Reksten, Terry, Craigdarroch: The Story of Dunsmuir Castle, 1987, page 41, suggests that Craigdarroch may have originally acquired this painting in a September 1891 auction (Vancouver Daily World, September 1891) held by Schafer in Vancouver, British Columbia. Since Craigdarroch Castle was built between 1887 and 1890 and despite the slight variation in title, it seems more likely that the Craigdarroch painting was acquired from the successful bidder in the July 1885 sale in Victoria, but no documentation of either conjecture has been found. According to Nesbitt in The Vancouver Sun article of 29 July 1970, in recent years some effort went into reacquiring as many of the auctioned paintings as possible. This is one of two paintings that remain unlocated.
Probable provenance: The artist; sold 2 or 3 July 1885 as auction lot 39 by W. R. Moore, auctioneer, Victoria, British Columbia, to an unknown bidder; sold circa 1891 to collection of Joan Olive (Mrs. Robert) Dunsmuir, Craigdarroch Castle, Victoria, British Columbia; by descent to her estate at her death in 1909; sold by H. W. Davies, M.A.A., & Sons, Auctioneers, 22 June 1909 as lot 49; currently unlocated.

Moonlight on the Truckee River, east of Truckee
• Lot 9 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Moonlight on the Truckee River
• Lot 14 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Moonrise in Alameda, California
• Lot 42 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Moonrise in Ross Valley
• "Choice Paintings to be Sold." in the 17 September 1884 (San Francisco) Daily Alta California.
• William K. Dick notes, page 82, of Easton and Eldridge, Auctioneers sale, San Francisco, 18 September 1884.

Moonrise on the Columbia
• Lot 24 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Morning in California Alps
• "Auction Sale of Paintings." in the 10 August 1882 San Francisco Evening Bulletin: painting sold for $57.

Morning in Shasta
• "Auction Sale of Paintings." in the 10 August 1882 San Francisco Evening Bulletin: painting sold for $60.

Morning in the Adirondacks
• "Sale of Oil Paintings." in the 20 July 1882 San Francisco Evening Bulletin, sold for $30 to S. A. Eldridge.
• "Auction Sale of Paintings." in the 10 August 1882 San Francisco Evening Bulletin: painting sold for $35.
• Lot 29 on page 3 of the catalog for a 22 September 1882 auction sale in San Francisco by George F. Lamson. A penciled note "25" in the auction catalog suggests that the painting sold for $25. Titled "…Adraondocks"

Morning in the Catskill Mountains
• Mechanics' Institute Nineteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1884, page 51.
• "Handsome Paintings at the Fair." in the 3 September 1884 San Francisco Evening Bulletin.

Morning in the redwoods
• Mechanics' Institute Nineteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1884, page 52.
• "Choice Paintings to be Sold." in the (San Francisco) Daily Alta California 17 and 18 September 1884.
• William K. Dick notes, p. 82, about the 18 September 1884 auction sale indicates that the painting sold for $62.
• Lot 61 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy. Adds "…, Santa Cruz Mountains" to end of title.

Morning in the Tropics
• "Auction Sale of Paintings." in the 10 August 1882 San Francisco Evening Bulletin: painting sold for $16.50.
• Lots 7 and 55 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Morning in the White Mountains
• Mechanics' Institute Nineteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1884, page 52.
• Lot 50 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy. Adds "…, New Hampshire" to end of title.

Morning in the woods
• "Lovers of Art." in the 12 September 1884 San Francisco Evening Bulletin (lot #62).

Morning in Three Sisters
• "Auction Sale of Paintings." in the 10 August 1882 San Francisco Evening Bulletin: painting sold for $30.

Morning in Upper Sacramento
• "Auction Sale of Paintings." in the 10 August 1882 San Francisco Evening Bulletin: painting sold for $40.

Morning in Yosemite
• Mechanics Fair of 1885, Portland, Oregon, Exhibition listing # 31.
• Mechanics Fair of 1886, Portland, Oregon.
• (Portland, Oregon) Evening Telegram, 18 October 1886.
• North Pacific Industrial Exposition, Portland, Oregon, in (Portland, Oregon) Morning Oregonian, 23 October 1890.

Morning, Klamath Lake, Oregon
• Lot 41 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Morning on Cayuga Lake
• "Art Notes." in the 30 January 1886 The San Franciscan.

Morning on Clear Lake
• "Sale of Oil Paintings." in the 20 July 1882 San Francisco Evening Bulletin, sold for $87.50 to Thomas Ewing.

Morning on Deer Creek, California
• Lot 53 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Morning on Donner Lake
• "Fine Paintings at Auction." in the 7 June 1881 Grass Valley (California) Daily Union.

Morning on Fallen Leaf Lake
• Lot 19 on page 2 of the catalog for a 22 September 1882 auction sale in San Francisco by George F. Lamson. A penciled note "(25 E.J.M.)" in the auction catalog suggests that the painting sold for $25 to unidentified bidder E.J.M.

Morning on Monterey Bay
• Lot 4 on page 1 of the catalog for a 22 September 1882 auction sale in San Francisco by George F. Lamson.

Morning on Mount Tamalpais
• Advertisement by Bovee, Toy & Co. in the San Francisco Chronicle, 17 November 1886.

Morning on Mt. Hood
• "Auction Sale of Paintings." in the 10 August 1882 San Francisco Evening Bulletin: painting sold for $42.50.

Morning on Mt. Shasta, from the Sacramento River
• Lot 22 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Morning on Mt. Shasta
• Lot 14 on page 2 of the catalog for a 22 September 1882 auction sale in San Francisco by George F. Lamson. A penciled note "$70 (45 E.J.M.)" in the auction catalog suggests that the painting sold for either $70 or $45 to unidentified bidder E.J.M.
• Lot 18 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy. (Addes "…, California" to the title.)

Morning on Oklawha River
• Lot 32 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Morning on Pitt River, California
• Lot 68 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Morning on San Lorenzo Creek, California
• Lot 46 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.
• Lot 2 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy. Replaces "Creek" with "River" in the title.

Morning on Silver Lake
• Lot 47 on page 4 of the catalog for a 22 September 1882 auction sale in San Francisco by George F. Lamson.
• Lot 45 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Morning on Soda Lake
• Lot 27 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Morning on the Lake, White Mountains
• Lot 25 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Morning on the McCloud River
• Lot 51 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.
• Lot 26 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy. Title adds ", California".

Morning on the Merced River, California
• Lot 33 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Morning on the Rocky Mountains
• William K. Dick notes, p. 82, about an 18 September 1884 auction sale indicates that the painting sold for $50.
• Trenton, Patricia and Peter H. Hassrick, The Rocky Mountains, page 153 (title replaces "on" with "in").

Morning on the San Joaquin River
• Lot 55 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Morning on the Three Sisters, Oregon
• Lot 43 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Morning on the Upper Columbia
• Mechanics' Institute Nineteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1884, page 52.

Mount Baker from Beacon Hill
• Lot 22 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Mount Baker, view from Fort Street
• Lot 50 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Mount Hood
• "Fine Paintings at Auction." in the 7 June 1881 Grass Valley (California) Daily Union.

Mount Hood from Hood River
• Lot 38 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Mount Hood from Portland
• Mechanics' Institute Nineteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1884, page 52.
• "Handsome Paintings at the Fair." in the 3 September 1884 San Francisco Evening Bulletin.

Mount Hood from the Columbia
• Lot 20 on page 2 of the catalog for a 22 September 1882 auction sale in San Francisco by George F. Lamson. A penciled note "30" overwritten by "35" in the auction catalog suggests that the painting sold for either $30 or $35.
• William K. Dick notes, p. 82, about a 10 November 1884 auction sale indicates that a painting with this title sold for $57.50.

Mount Hood, from The Dalles
• Mechanics' Institute Nineteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1884, page 52.

Mount Lyell
• Mechanics' Institute Eighteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1883, page 46.

Mount of the Holy Cross, Colorado, the
• "An Art Exhibition", in the 24 June 1881 Sacramento Daily Record-Union.

Mount Ranier[sic]
• Lot 41 on page 3 of the catalog for a 22 September 1882 auction sale in San Francisco by George F. Lamson. Title abbreviates "Mt."
• Lot 45 on page 4 of the catalog for a 22 September 1882 auction sale in San Francisco by George F. Lamson. Title abbreviates "Mt."
• Mechanics' Institute Eighteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1883, page 47.

Mount Shasta, from Cape Horn
• Lot 31 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Mount Shasta, from Strawberry Valley
• Mechanics' Institute Nineteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1884, page 52.

Mount Shasta from the McCloud
• "Auction Sale of Paintings." in the 10 August 1882 San Francisco Evening Bulletin: painting sold for $50.
• Lot 48 on page 4 of the catalog for a 22 September 1882 auction sale in San Francisco by George F. Lamson. Title abbreviates "Mt."

Mount Shasta from the Sacramento River
• William K. Dick notes, p. 82, about a 10 November 1884 auction sale indicates that the painting sold for $37.50.

Mount Shasta from the Upper Sacramento River
• Lot 10 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Mount Shasta
• "An Art Exhibition" in the 24 June 1881 Sacramento Daily Record-Union.
• "Sale of Oil Paintings." in the 20 July 1882 San Francisco Evening Bulletin, sold for $77.50 to J. B. Stetson.
• Lot 12 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.
• "Messrs. Stewart Williams & Co / Duly instructed…" in the 14 October 1909 (Victoria, British Columbia) The Daily Colonist.

Mount Tamalpais near San Rafael
• Lot 23 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Mount Tamalpais
• Mechanics' Institute Nineteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1884, page 52.
• "Handsome Paintings at the Fair." in the 3 September 1884 San Francisco Evening Bulletin.
• A 23 June 1969 letter to The Alameda Free Library about a private collection, Denver, Colorado.
Note: The 1969 letter reports that the painting was sold "a number of years ago".

Mountain stream, the
• Mechanics' Institute Eighteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1883, page 46.

"Mt. Erwin," Shasta, Cal.
• Lot 48 on page 9 of the catalog for a sale on 22 June 1909 in Victoria by H. W. Davies, M.A.A., & Sons, Auctioneers. Title as shown in the catalog, with quotation marks.
Note: (1) A mountain named Erwin does not appear in either modern or historical name guides to northern California. The name in the title might be a mistake for Mount Eddy, which is a few miles west of Mount Shasta, California.
(2) The 1987 book Reksten, Terry, Craigdarroch: The Story of Dunsmuir Castle on page 41 suggests that Craigdarroch may have originally acquired this painting in a September 1891 auction (Vancouver Daily World September 1891) held by Schafer in Vancouver, British Columbia, but no documentation to support this conjecture has been located. The entire contents of Craigdarroch were sold at auction in 1909. The auction catalog lists eight paintings by Schafer; this painting was among the contents of the smoking room. According to Nesbitt in an article in The Vancouver Sun of 29 July 1970, in recent years some effort went into reacquiring as many of the auctioned paintings as possible. This is one of two paintings that remain unlocated.
Provenance: In collection of Joan Olive (Mrs. Robert) Dunsmuir, Craigdarroch Castle, Victoria, British Columbia, by 1909; to her estate upon her death in 1909; with H. W. Davies, M.A.A., & Sons, Auctioneers, 22 June 1909.

Mt. Hood, from the Dalles, Oregon
• Lot 29 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Mt. Hood
• "Sale of Oil Paintings." in the 20 July 1882 San Francisco Evening Bulletin, sold for $50 to S. A. Eldridge.
• "Oil Paintings for Sale." in the 11 August 1882 San Francisco Evening Bulletin.
• "The Last Night…" in the "15 December 1883 Sacramento Daily Record-Union.
• "Lovers of Art." in the 12 September 1884 San Francisco Evening Bulletin
• State Agricultural Society, 41st Annual Exhibition, 1894, Sacramento, California, #247.

Mt. Rainier, from New Tacoma, Washington Territory
• Lot 53 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Mt. Rainier, from the Columbia River
• Lot 56 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Mt. Tamalpais, from Ross Valley, California
• Lot 67 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Near Felton, Santa Cruz Mountains
• Mechanics' Institute Nineteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1884, page 52.

Near San Rafael
• "Lovers of Art." in the 12 September 1884 San Francisco Evening Bulletin (lot #22).

New Year's in Chinatown
• "A Notable painting,…" in the 30 January 1887 Los Angeles Herald.
• With G. A. Fisher, Los Angeles, 3 February 1887

Night in vale and mountain
• "Art distribution. / The Annual Drawing…" in the 22 February 1881 (San Francisco) Daily Alta California.
Note: Acquired by collection of A. A. Smith as prize #63 at a San Francisco Art Association drawing 21 February 1881.

Nocturne
• Lot 39 on page 8 of the catalog of the Ernest Hacquette Collection sale on 30 January 2012. (May be by a different artist with a similar name.)

North Heads, Outside the Golden Gate
• Lot 24 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

North Heads, San Fancisco
• Lot 36 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Oakland skyline
• Nineteenth Century Painters of the California Landscape, 1976 exhibition catalog.

Old Baldy (sketch)
• An untitled article in the 17 April 1886 The San Franciscan.

Old path, the
• Mechanics' Institute Eighteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1883, page 47.

Old stage road, the
• Mechanics' Institute Eighteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1883, page 46.

Olympian Range, from Long Bridge
• Lot 57 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

On Berkely[sic] Creek
• Lot 2 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

On Donner Lake
• Lot 44 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

On Paper Mill Creek
• "Fine Paintings at Auction." in the 7 June 1881 Grass Valley (California) Daily Union.

On San Lorenzo Creek (screen)
• Advertisement by Bovee, Toy & Co. in the San Francisco Chronicle, 17 November 1886.

On Strawberry Creek
• Lot 16 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

On the beach
• Mechanics' Institute Eighteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1883, page 46.

On the coast of Maine
• Mechanics' Institute Nineteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1884, page 52.
• "Handsome Paintings at the Fair." in the 3 September 1884 San Francisco Evening Bulletin;

On the Sacramento River
• Lot 20 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

On the Truckee River
• William K. Dick notes, p. 82, about an 18 September 1884 auction sale indicates that the painting sold for $70.

Outside the heads
• Lot 40 on page 3 of the catalog for a 22 September 1882 auction sale in San Francisco by George F. Lamson.

Pedro Blancos Lighthouse, Pacific Coast
• Lot 60 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Pikes Peak, Colorado
• Lot 69 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Prairie on Fire
• Lot 72 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Quiet pool, a
• Mechanics' Institute Eighteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1883, page 46.

Redwoods, Russian River
• Mechanics' Institute Eighteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1883, page 46.

"Reproduction" of Toby Rosenthal's "Elaine, or The Vacant Chair"
(ambiguous as to whether this is a copy made by Schafer or just owned by Schafer)
• "A Treat to All Lovers of Art." in the 26 May 1891 Santa Cruz Sentinel.
• Facsimile of Rosenthal's original painting.

Rocky Glen
• State Agricultural Society, 41st Annual Exhibition, Sacramento, catalog, painting #292, page 13.

Rocky Mountain scenery
• "Messrs. Stewart Williams & Co / Duly instructed…" in the 14 October 1909 (Victoria, British Columbia) The Daily Colonist.
Note: Advertisement says "…two of Rocky Mountain scenery…".

Rooster Rock, on the Columbia River
• Lot 48 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Ross Valley Creek, California
• Lot 70 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Royal Gorge, Colorado
• "Schafer's Paintings." in the 12 April 1887 Sacramento Daily Record-Union.

Sacramento River, California
• North Pacific Industrial Exposition, October 1890 in the 16 October 1890 (Portland, Oregon) Morning Oregonian.

Sacramento Valley (sketch)
• Advertisement by Bovee, Toy & Co. in the San Francisco Chronicle, 17 November 1886.

Sacramento Valley
• A 1936 letter in The Alameda Free Library archive about private collection, Los Angeles.

Scene in Catskill Mountains
• San Francisco Art Association Spring Exhibition, May 1880.

Scene in Colorado
• Lot 13 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Sentinal[sic] Falls, Yosemite
• Lot 49 on page 4 of the catalog for a 22 September 1882 auction sale in San Francisco by George F. Lamson.

Sentinel Falls
• "Auction Sale of Paintings." in the 10 August 1882 San Francisco Evening Bulletin: sold for $50.

Sentinel Rock, Yosemite
• William K. Dick notes, p. 82, about a 10 November 1884 auction sale indicates that the painting sold for $27.50.
• Lot 48 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.
• Lot 37 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy. Adds "…Valley, California" to end of title.)
• "Messrs. Stewart Williams & Co / Duly instructed…" in the 14 October 1909 (Victoria, British Columbia) The Daily Colonist. Omits "Yosemite" from title.

"Seven Oaken Panels on gold ground"
• Entry 65 on page 5 of the catalog of the Loan Art and Historic Walker Mansion Exhibition, Oakland, California, May 11–15, 1880, exhibited by "Lutz & Berg". The artist is identified as "F. Schaffer". Although likely, it has not been confirmed that the artist is Frederick Ferdinand Schafer.

Shasta Butte
• Mechanics' Institute Nineteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1884, page 52.
• "Lovers of Art." in the 12 September 1884 San Francisco Evening Bulletin (plural "Buttes").

Signal Rock in the Rocky Mountains
• Lot 3 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

South Dome, Yosemite Valley, California
• Lot 38 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Spring morning
• Mechanics' Institute Nineteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1884, page 52.
• Lot 64 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Springtime on San Lorenzo Creek, California
• Lot 7 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.
• Lot 45 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

St. Cloud River (sketch)
• Advertisement by Bovee, Toy & Co. in the San Francisco Chronicle, 17 November 1886.

Still Life
• Lot 26 on page 6 of the catalog of the Ernest Hacquette Collection sale on 30 January 2012.

Studio corner
• Mechanics' Institute Seventeenth Industrial Exhibition, 1882, page 44.

Sunset in the Swiss Alps
• "Palette and Brush." in the 16 October 1890 (Portland, Oregon) Morning Oregonian.
Note: Located by Jack Cleaver, Oregon Historical Society. Provenance from Cleaver's files: In collection of C. H. Dodd, Portland, Oregon, by 1890. Exhibited: North Pacific Industrial Exposition, Portland, Oregon, October 1890.

Sunset on Castle Rock, Columbia River
• "Fine Paintings at Auction." in the 7 June 1881 Grass Valley (California) Daily Union.
• Lot 54 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Sunset on Fallen Leaf Lake
• Lot 18 on page 2 of the catalog for a 22 September 1882 auction sale in San Francisco by George F. Lamson.

Sunset on Lake Tahoe
• "Sale of Oil Paintings." in the 20 July 1882 San Francisco Evening Bulletin, sold for $55.
• "Oil Paintings for Sale." in the 11 August 1882 San Francisco Evening Bulletin.

Sunset on Lassen Butte
• Lot 30 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Sunset on Lassen Peak
• William K. Dick notes, p. 82, about an 18 September 1884 auction sale indicates that the painting sold for $75.

Sunset on Mount Rainier, from Tacoma
• Lot 52 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Sunset on Mount Shasta
• Mechanics' Institute Seventeenth Industrial Exhibition, 1882, page 44.
• Mechanics' Institute Nineteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1884, page 52.
• "Lovers of Art." in the 12 September 1884 San Francisco Evening Bulletin (lot #30).
• William K. Dick notes, p. 82, about the 18 September 1884 auction sale indicates that the painting sold for $100.
• "Elegant Oil Paintings at Low Prices." in the Los Angeles Times, 17 February 1886. Title abbreviates "Mt."
• "Schafer's Paintings." in the Los Angeles Herald, 15 December 1886.
• "Turn Verein Hall" in the San Jose Mercury, 2 June 1892, reports that the painting sold to a Mrs. Wallace for $25.

Sunset on Mt. Shasta, from Cape Horn
• Lot 15 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Sunset on Mt. Shasta, from Upper Sacramento River
• Lot 10 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Sunset on Mt. Tamalpais
• "Sale of Oil Paintings." in the 20 July 1882 San Francisco Evening Bulletin, sold for $15.
• "Auction Sale of Paintings." in the 10 August 1882 San Francisco Evening Bulletin: painting sold for $55.

Sunset on the Three Brothers
• "Auction Sale of Paintings." in the 10 August 1882 San Francisco Evening Bulletin: sold for $20.
• Lot 37 on page 3 of the catalog for a 22 September 1882 auction sale in San Francisco by George F. Lamson.

Sunset on the Three Sisters
• William K. Dick notes, p. 82, about a 10 November 1884 auction sale indicates that the painting sold for $40.
• Lot 29 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.
• Lot 25 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy. Adds "…, Oregon" to end of title.

Sunset
• Mechanics' Institute Eighteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1883, page 47.

Three Brothers, the
• "Messrs. Stewart Williams & Co / Duly instructed…" in the 14 October 1909 (Victoria, British Columbia) The Daily Colonist.

Three Brothers, Yosemite Valley
• Lot 49 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.
• Lot 34 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy. Title adds ",California".

Three Sisters, Oregon, The
• In private collection, Jackson, California.

Three Sisters
• "Sale of Oil Paintings." in the 20 July 1882 San Francisco Evening Bulletin, sold for $30 to J. B. Stetson.

Upper Sacramento River
• Mechanics' Institute Nineteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1884, page 51.

Valley of the Rocky Mountains
• William K. Dick notes, p. 82, about an 18 September 1884 auction sale indicates that the painting sold for $75. Title abbreviates "Mtns."
•  Trenton, Patricia and Peter H. Hassrick, The Rocky Mountains, p. 153.

View in Napa Valley
• Lot 37 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

View in Sacramento Valley, Ca!ifornia
• Lot 44 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

View in the Rocky Mountains
• Lot 49 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

View in the Santa Cruz Mountains, California
• Lot 58 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.
• Lot 31 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

View in the White Mountains
• Lot 60 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

View near Victoria
• Lot 15 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

View of the Gorge, Victoria
• Lot 42 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

View of Yosemite Valley, California
• Lot 36 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

View of Yosemite Valley, from Look-out Rock
• Lot 11 on page 2 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

View on Deer Creek, near Grass Valley, California
• Lot 73 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

View on Feather River, near Marysville, California
• Lot 41 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

View on Slate Creek, California
• Lot 62 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Waterfall in the White Mountains, New Hampshire
• Lot 21 in the catalog of a July 1885 auction sale in Victoria, British Columbia.

Willamette Valley, Ore
• Lot 21 on page 2 of the catalog for a 22 September 1882 auction sale in San Francisco by George F. Lamson. A penciled note "35 (25 E.J.M.)" in the auction catalog suggests that the painting sold for either $35 or $25 to unidentified bidder E.J.M.

Yosemite scene
• William K. Dick notes, p. 82, about a 10 November 1884 auction sale indicates that there where two paintings with this title that sold for $14 each.
• "Art Exhibition." in the 31 January 1886 Los Angeles Herald ("Yosemite Valley")

Yosemite Valley, from Look~out Rock
• Lot 47 on page 3 of the catalog for an exhibition and sale in May 1886 in Salt Lake City by C. P. Troy.

Yosemite
• Mechanics' Institute Nineteenth Industrial Exhibition, 1884, page 51.
• "Choice Paintings to be Sold." in the 17 September 1884 (San Francisco) Daily Alta California.
• A November 1916 letter to San Francisco Art Association in the Archives of California Art Schafer file.
Note: The 1916 letter says that the painting was before any roads entered the valley; it was done for the "old Lick Hotel". Provenance: In private collection, Oakland, California.

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